The Week on the subprime situation:
What sparked the original splurge in mortgage lending?When the full consequences of the lending fiasco eventually develop, 'capitalism' will no doubt be blamed. But it is hardly 'free markets' when both individual borrowers and whole nations are insulated from the negative aspects of economic activity. If borrowers know that the government will protect them from the results of their folly or irresponsibility, the incentive to behave sensibly or prudently is clearly diminished.
Its origins can be traced to the so-called "Greenspan Put": the policy of ultra-low interest rates pioneered by the Federal Reserve under Alan Greenspan to combat the fallout following 9/11 and the dotcom bust. The flood of cheap money ... led to the biggest property and building boom in decades. America went real-estate crazy. By 2005 prices had risen so dramatically that in hotspots like California and Florida even trailers were fetching $2m plus.
How did this affect the US psyche?
As millions of Americans took advantage of what some in Washington dubbed "the new era of democratised credit", renting a house came to be seen as a kind of social failure. Speculation became rife, prices continued to soar and thousands of new-built condos changed hands several times before a single spade of earth had been dug, with more and more punters refinancing their deals in order to secure more cash.
What mediocracy particularly disliked about old-style capitalism is that exceptional individuals were sometimes able to act independently of the social will, using money accumulated by their families or supporters. Now that this possibility has been curtailed by means of heavy taxation of private capital, markets for goods and credit can be tolerated. Indeed, such markets can be regarded as a reinforcement for mediocracy, once policies have shifted spending power sufficiently towards the mass. By referring to this reconstructed system by the old name, dissatisfaction can be directed at the original concept. Thus 'capitalism' can be blamed whenever mediocratically distorted markets generate crises.
If financial behaviour becomes dumbed down and irresponsible, this can be blamed on ‘the market’, rather than on those who represent the bulk of economic activity, or on the policies which inflate their financial power. Markets thus function as a useful scapegoat for cultural deterioration. This is part of the reason why mediocracy finds it expedient to retain them.